Captain Health USA

Making Health Insurance Great Again!


Leave a comment

Healthcare and The Incoming Administration

The attached article – Donald Trump Walks Back His Stance On Obamacare shows a possible change in direction of the incoming administration and it’s not totally unexpected.


YOCG Tuesday 2 2 16 CANVAThere are so many people covered by insurance now that were never covered before it would almost be impossible to unwind what’s already been done and put something else in place that does not look like just about the same thing.  You know that old saying…if it looks like a duck and quacks like a duck…its a duck.   Maybe its a Trump duck instead of an Obama duck….but its still a duck.  
 

The affordable care act (Obamacare) was based on a few core principles. The most important ones in my opinion are…

1. No one should be turned down for any pre-existing medical condition

2. People who could not afford insurance would get subsidies or some kind of assistance to help with the cost

3. Everyone would be required to have insurance that consists of what is called MEC (Minimum Essential Coverage). This is also called the “Individual mandate”

It’s these principles that define Obamacare. Everything else in my opinion, surrounds these principles and if changed, really does not effect the basic core principles.  Some examples of things that could be changed that would lower the cost of coverage to most people include….

 – Should pregnancy coverage be included in all policies?

 – Should mental health coverage be included in all policies?

 – Should rehab coverage be included in all policies?

YOCG Tuesday 11 24 15 CANVAMaybe these coverage’s should be options like when you buy a car.  Everyone gets the basic car but if you want a radio it’s extra, if you want bigger tires it’s extra, if you want a sunroof it’s extra, you get the point.

I think we need to bring healthcare coverage back to its original intent, to cover you for what you want to be covered for and not what the government says that you should be covered for.  Of course everyone should have at least basic well-care and hospitalization coverage but should everyone have to pay for all the options? 

Read the article HERE


Leave a comment

2017 Open Enrollment…Are you READY?

It’s that time of year again!  Get ready to start thinking about open enrollment and what you need to do to make sure you and your family have health insurance coverage.

Here is what you need to know!

2016:

Open enrollment for 2016 is CLOSED.  BUT, If you still need coverage for the rest of 2016, you can get it but, only if you qualify. 

To qualify you need to meet one of these two criteria:

  • Special Enrollment Period due to a life event — like losing health coverage, getting married, or having a baby.
  • You qualify for Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

You can apply for these programs any time throughout the year.

Let’s Brush Up On The Marketplace

About The Marketplace:

Who is it for?  The Marketplace is for individuals who do not have health coverage for the coming year.  That means, you do not have coverage through:

  • Your employment
  • Medicare
  • Medicaid
  • The Children’s Insurance Program (CHIP)
  • Another source providing qualifying coverage

How Much It Costs:

Health insurance through the Marketplace depends on your estimated income for the coverage year.  Did you know?  In 2017, roughly 8 out of 10 of uninsured people who are eligible for Marketplace coverage will qualify for financial assistance.*  The financial assistance  provided goes towards lowering the cost of the monthly premiums and in some cases is can also help with things like deductibles and copays.  Get an idea of what that could mean for you HERE.

Discover What The Marketplace Insurance Covers:

Essential health benefits – Every plan must include the following:

  • Ambulatory patient services (outpatient care you get without being admitted to a hospital)
  • Emergency services
  • Hospitalization (like surgery and overnight stays)
  • Pregnancy, maternity, and newborn care (both before and after birth)
  • Mental health and substance use disorder services, including behavioral health treatment (this includes counseling and psychotherapy)
  • Prescription drugs
  • Rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices (services and devices to help people with injuries, disabilities, or chronic conditions gain or recover mental and physical skills)
  • Laboratory services
  • Preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management
  • Pediatric services, including oral and vision care (but adult dental and vision coverage aren’t essential health benefits)
  • Pre-existing conditions, including pregnancy
  • Preventive care
  • Birth control coverage
  • Breastfeeding coverage

Pre-existing conditions, including pregnancy

Preventive care

Get a list of what that includes for:

What If You Do Not Get Health Insurance?

If you can afford health insurance and fail to obtain qualifying health coverage for the 2017 year, you may be fined.  This fine is referred to the “individual shared responsibility payment”. 

Fees are calculated in two different ways.  They are:

  • A percentage of your house hold income
  • Per person

You will be required to the highest rate calculated.

Fines for 2017 have not been released as of yet.

Do you have questions about your health insurance coverage for 2017?  I can help!  Contact me, Your Obamacare Guy!  I can be reached at:  (813) 391-3448 or email address:  dave@YourObamacareGuy.com

* source:  http://www.HealthCare.gove/quickguide


Leave a comment

Open Enrollment & Obamacare Changes YOU Need to Know About!

Healthcare Open Enrollment is RIGHT Around the Corner! 

There are LOTS of Changes YOU Need to Know About!

yocg-tuesday-9-6-16-canvaHealthcare open enrollment begins on November 1, 2016 and runs until January 31, 2017 and it won’t be business as usual.  There will be several carrier changes for 2017. 

Before we get into the specific changes, there are some dates you need to put on your calendar for the open enrollment period:

  • November 1, 2016:  Open Enrollment Begins
  • December 15, 2016:  Meet this enrollment deadline to ensure coverage begins on January 1, 2017
  • December 31, 2016:  Coverage ends on this date.  If you have NO changes to your plan, your plan will be auto-renewed
  • January 31, 2017:  This is the VERY LAST day you can apply for 2017 healthcare coverage

If you miss these deadlines, you cannot enroll again until November 1, 2017 unless you have special “life event” changes take place.  Life event changes include:  having a baby or losing your job.

Did you know?

If you do not enroll in Obamacare or have an approved form of health insurance during 2017, you will be fined 2.5% of your income or $695 per adult – whichever is higher.  Please note that the amounted listed is only an estimation as the higher 2017 dollar amount has not been released as of yet.

Those living at poverty levels can enroll at any time in the Medicaid or CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program).  These programs do not have a specific enrollment period or timeframe to adhere to.  Please note, there are some restrictions to adhere to such as income restrictions.

Changes…

yocg-wednesday-9-1-16-canvaAt the beginning of this article, I noted there were going to be changes in the Florida Marketplace.  There will be some carriers leaving and some new additions too!

Let’s first say good-bye to:

  • United-Healthcare
  • Aetna

Say Hello to:

  • Cigna – they exited the Florida Exchange in 2015 but are coming back in 2017
  • Molina – They are expanding from South Florida to the Tampa Bay area
  • Harken Health (a subsidiary of United Healthcare) is planning to enter the exchange in the Miami and and Fort Lauderdale area

Of Note:

Humana plans to scale back it’s participation in the Marketplace but will remain in the Florida Exchange system. 

Other changes coming down the pike in 2017 include rate changes that have not been approved by the state yet.   

Other Obamacare changes people can expect to see in 2017 are:

MORE INFO!

When you select a healthcare plan, there are usually two things you ask:

1)  How much is it going to cost me

2)  Is my doctor or the hospital I prefer in my plan

A common complaint last year was inaccurate doctor and hospital information.  The new rules mandate that:

  • Insurance providers are required to give consumers a 30-day notice when a doctor is being removed from a network
  • If a doctor/provider is being removed from a network and a patient is in active care/treatment with the physician being removed, the insurance company must allow for up to 90 days treatment under the physician’s care

Reduction in “Surprise” medical bills from out-of-network providers

Many patients have complained about receiving unexpected invoices and bills from out-of-network doctors, even when the patient thought the doctor was in network.  The new rule calls for:

  • Ancillary care amounts to be applied towards a patient’s yearly out of pocket maximum expenses

Note, this rule only applies to those instances where the insurer has not given patients the correct notification that they will be receiving care from individuals outside of the network.  The general rule is that a patient must be notified that they will receive care from an out of network provider within 48 hours.

Better Explanation of Out-Of-Pocket Expenses/Costs

During 2017, insurers are to offer plans with a standard set of coverage costs (deductibles and copays).  With this information easily attainable, the patients will better understand the out-of-pocket fees associated with the plan they select.

Do you have specific questions about open enrollment and how the 2017 marketplace changes could affect you?  Contact me, Your Obamacare Guy!  I can be reached at:  (813) 391-3448 or email address:  dave@YourObamacareGuy.com


1 Comment

Physician Referrals, YOU Have A Choice!

Physician Referrals, YOU Have A Choice!

Health care and visiting the doctor has become increasingly complicated to navigate. Rules are always changing.  Life is busy which makes it hard to keep up with the changes.  Good news!  I am here to help!  So, let’s dive in!!!

Wednesday 7 6 16When do I need a referral?

Referrals are generally required when you need to see a specialist for a condition that your regular primary care physician cannot treat.  Not all specialists need a referral.  The services that DO NOT require referrals are:

  • In network:
    • Obstetrician/gynecologist
    • Urgent care centers or walk in clinics
    • Eye examinations
    • Mental health disorder and substance abuse services
    • Pathologist
    • Radiologist
    • Anesthesiologist
    • Emergency room visits/admissions
    • Non-physician services such as:
      • Outpatient labs
      • Diagnostics
      • Physical Therapy
      • Durable medical equipment

How do I obtain a referral for a specialist?

Once your primary care physician determines a specialist is needed, to help you with your condition, a referral is given.

A Referral is an authorization for you to see a specialist.

In some cases, your physician may give you a recommendation of who to see along with his referral.  A recommendation is exactly what it sounds like.  It is a suggestion of who you might want to consider seeing for treatment, not a mandate.  This is great news!  Why?  For many reasons!  Check them out:

  • Many times, your primary physician may recommend a specialist who is not in your network.  This can be a very expensive option for you.
  • You have the opportunity to research and find the perfect specialist for you within your health insurance network
  • In some cases, referrals are generated due to a quid pro quo arrangement between doctors.

Now that you have your referral in hand, it is time to select your specialist.  One of the first things you should do is fire up your computer and search for the doctor in your insurance plan’s database.  Not sure who is in your carrier’s database or where to even find the database?  No worries, use this handy tool:  Dave’s Doctor Search.  Here you will find all of the doctor’s listed in the each of the major health insurance carriers.

Select at least three specialists you are interested in possibly using for treatment and learn more about them.  Some of the things you will want to look for are:

  • Is the doctor licensed?  You can verify this by visiting your state’s physician licensing board
  • Is the physician board certified?  A board certified physician is one who demonstrates exceptional expertise in a specialty or subspecialty.  They are certified and recognized by the ABMS Member Board.  Qualifications to be recognized by this board includes rigorous testing and peer evaluations.  These evaluations and tests are engineered and administrated by other specialists in the same field of specialty.
  • Consider the age of the doctor.  Are they older and considering retirement, are they younger and have a passion for cutting edge technology and techniques or have they been practicing a long time giving them ample experience to treat your condition well?
  • Discover how long the doctor has been practicing by visiting online doctor listing sites.
  • Have there been interruptions in their practice and why?
  • What hospitals is the doctor affiliated with and how are those hospitals ranked?
  • Has the doctor experienced any reprimands or malpractice suits?
  • Consider researching doctor ratings sites and review sites.
  • Has the doctor authored any papers, studies or conducted research in the field you are looking to get treatment in?

There is so much to consider when selecting a doctor and a specialist!  The most important thing to remember is that YOU get to make the choice on who treats you.  Take control of your health and your healthcare by selecting the physician that makes the most sense for you and your health goals.

Remember, the referral you receive from your primary care physician (PCP) is the authorization you need to go to the specialist.  The name of a doctor they give is a recommendation only.  Do your homework and find the right fit for you.

Do you need help navigating your way through today’s healthcare arena?  I can help!  Contact Dave, Your ObamaCare Guy for more information at: (813) 391-3448 or email me at dave@YourObamacareGuy.com.


Leave a comment

Emergency Room VS Walk -In Clinic and Your Insurance

Emergency Room VS Walk -In Clinic and Your Insurance

YOCG Tuesday 1 5 2016We all like options right?  Today we have lots of options when it comes to healthcare.  We can choose our doctor from a list of network physicians, select generic prescriptions versus brand name, and we can even choose whether or not we want to go to the Emergency Room or a Walk-In Clinic in urgent but non life-threatening circumstances.  The last option may mean a big difference in dollars you need to pay!  Read on to learn more!

 

Lower Copays
If you had the opportunity to pay lower copays, would you jump at the chance?  I know I would!  Did you know that your may have the opportunity for lower copays if you choose to get care at an in-network walk-in clinic instead of an emergency room?  That’s right!  Your insurance may reward you with a lower copay when you elect to get treatment in a walk-in clinic rather than an ER for non life threatening illnesses or injuries.  In some instances, you may only need to pay $25 to $50 in copay fees when visiting an in network walk-in clinic as opposed to thousands of dollars in Emergency Room bills.

What Type of Services Can You Expect From A Walk-In Clinic?

You may be surprised at the vast amount of services a Walk-In Clinic or Urgent Care facility can provide.  Check out our table below for details of what may be treated in an urgent care facility.

Urgent Care Services

Emergency Room Fees Add Up…Quickly!

YOCG Tuesday 2 2 16 CANVAEmergency room fees tend to add up fast, even before you get there, especially if an ambulance was called.  Depending on your insurance, you could be charged anywhere from as low as $25 but as high as $1,200.

Once you arrive to the Emergency Room, there is a chance that you will need x-rays, special diagnostic testing, medicine and more. Below is my list of tips for monitoring your emergency room bill:

  • Make sure you have a trusted friend or family member with you to help you do some legwork
  • Ask for an itemized list of your bill and scrutinize it for procedures not done or medication not given
  • Talk to the billing department.  Find out if there are different sets of costs for procedures done and select one that fits your budget if you can
  • Discuss a payment plan.  Typically hospitals do not want a bill to go to collection agencies.  See if they will work out a reasonable payment plan with you
  • Discover if there are financial aid programs available to you or if there are any not-for-profit organizations that can help with paying the bill

When Should You Go To An Emergency Room?

Some conditions that should be seen by an Emergency Room staff include:

  • Severe chest pain or difficulty breathing
  • Compound fracture (bone protrudes through skin)
  • Convulsions, seizures or loss of consciousness
  • Fever in newborn (less than 3 months old)
  • Heavy, uncontrollable bleeding
  • Deep knife wounds or gunshot wounds
  • Moderate to severe burns
  • Poisoning
  • Serious head, neck or back injury
  • Pregnancy-related problems
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • (Signs of) Heart attack (i.e.. chest pain lasting longer than two minutes)
  • (Signs of)Stroke (e.g. loss of vision, sudden numbness, weakness, slurred speech, or confusion)
  • Suicidal or homicidal feelings

When in doubt, get to the nearest emergency room and get the treatment you need.

Before an emergency happens, take the time to understand your policy and what is included and required during an emergency

If you have questions about your coverage and need assistance understanding your policy, contact me, Your Obamacare Guy at (813) 391-3448 or dave@YourObamacareGuy.com.  It is my pleasure to help people get the coverage they need to live the healthiest life possible!


Leave a comment

In-Network? Out-of-Network? Get the Facts and Understand How it Affects YOU!

In-Network? Out-of-Network? Get the Facts and Understand How it Affects YOU!

What Is an Insurance Network?

An insurance network is a term used to describe a group of: Doctors, Hospitals, pharmacies, labs and various other health care providers who have all agreed to provide services to members of a health insurance plan at a negotiated rate.  These health care providers are called Network Providers, more specifically, “in-network providers”.

When visiting in-network practitioners or facilities, usually, the standard copay fees and deductible amounts apply.

YOCG Wednesday 12 16 15Out-of-Network providers are those doctors and facilities who do not participate in your insurance plan’s network agreement.  Using providers who do not participate in your plan’s network may cost you in various ways.  For example they may:

  • Charge more that the negotiated rate your insurance plan negotiated with the in-network providers,
  • Require higher copays, deductibles and co-insurance fees
  • Or your plan may not cover anything related to out-of-network care

HMOs and PPOs

Now that you understand the difference between in-network and out-of-network, it is important to understand what HMOs are versus a PPO.

HMO is an acronym for Health Maintenance Organization.  Here re some quick facts about HMOs:

  • HMOs usually provide lower premium payments and copays
  • You are required to choose a primary care physician
  • You may choose a doctor from a list that is provided to you by the HMO. Most times there are no out of network benefits.
  • The doctor you select will help you manage your healthcare by referring you to specialists when needed

YOCG Tuesday 12 29 15 CANVAPPO is an acronym for Preferred Provider Organization.  Quick facts about PPOs are

  • You are not required to designate a primary care physician
  • You have more choices about who you can pick as a healthcare provider
  • If will cost you more for having the ability to choose your healthcare provider
  • Higher costs come in forms of higher premiums, deductibles and copays
  • PPOs also require you to select providers within a network and sometimes there are out of network benefits.

What are Referrals and When are they Necessary?

Referrals are a key part of HMO programs.  They assist your primary care physician (PCP) track your health care and ensure that you are receiving the proper care for your health condition.

Referrals are required when you need to see a specialist. The specialist your PCP sends you to, is usually a part of a circle of providers he trusts to give you the care that is outside of his practice capabilities.  It is always important to make sure that the specialist in in your HMO’s network.  Once you have a referral, you also have the ability to choose your own specialist to go to as long as they are in the network.

What About Emergencies?

What happens if you are in an emergency and need medical care right away?  There are some key points you need to know:

  • All plans include emergencies into to their coverage, even if you happen to be out of network when the emergency happens.
  • Once your condition is stable, you will then be transferred to an in-network provider for follow up care.
  • ER visits may incur an additional fee or cost in addition to your deductible.  Walk-in clinics are a good alternative and will save money is many situations.

YOCG Thursday 1 28 16 CANVADid You Know?

When navigating HMOs and PPOs there are some interesting facts and tidbits you need to be aware of so you are not caught off guard:

  • Did you know that your Doctor can choose to leave the insurance companies network at any time?  You may not even be notified of the change until your next visit.
  • Did you know that if you choose to get care out of network, you may not be covered for the treatment you elected to receive and the treatment could cost significantly more money?
  • Did you know that referrals in an HMO may not be needed for certain specialists?  Check with your insurance company for which specialties these are.

If you have questions about your coverage and need assistance understanding your policy, contact me, Your Obamacare Guy at (813) 391-3448 or dave@YourObamacareGuy.com.  It is my pleasure to help people get the coverage they need to live the healthiest life possible!


Leave a comment

Subsidies, Deductibles & Premiums…OH MY!

Obamacare Guy Thursday 10 15 15Open Enrollment has OFFICIALLY begun!  As of November 1, 2015, you can get covered, change health plans or upgrade your current health plan without needing a change in life status.  AND…Right about now you may be in the midst of learning more than you ever needed to know about your income and how it relates to the Affordable Care Act’s (a.k.a. Obamacare) subsidies and deductibles.

This blog post is going to help you tremendously as we explore what a subsidies are, how you get them and how you can qualify for lower deductibles.

What Are Subsidies?

A subsidy is financial assistance you receive to help pay for health insurance coverage. A subsidy reduces your cost for insurance.

You may also qualify for reduced deductibles, and reduced co-pays.

Who Benefits From Subsidies?

Subsidies were designed to help low to moderate income Americans afford health insurance coverage.

To receive subsidies, you must have coverage on a plan in the Marketplace.

There are 3 types of subsides or cost assistance a person can receive.  They are;

  • Advance Premium Tax Credits which are used to lower premiums
  • Cost Sharing Reduction to help lower out-of-pocket costs
  • Medicaid and CHIP

How are Subsidies Calculated?

Your Obamacare Guy Tuesday 10 13 15 CANVASubsidies are calculated based on income and are available to people and their families who have an income level between 100-400% of the Federal Poverty Level.  Many people refer to this as the “FPL”.

NOTE:  The FPL or Federal Poverty Level adjusts every year to account for inflation.  This adjustment allows more citizens to quality for subsidies.

Specifically, the calculation used is something called MAGI or Modified Adjusted Gross Income.

MAGI is sum of the following:

Adjusted Gross Income +
Non-Taxable Social Security Benefits +
Tax-Exempt Interest +
Excluded Foreign Income
_________________________________
= MAGI (Modified Adjusted Gross Income)

Once you qualify for subsidies there are some points you should be aware of:

  • Subsidies are only valid on Plans purchased in the marketplace
  • Your marketplace health insurance plan cannot cost you more than 9.5% of your income AFTER tax credits are applied
  • The amount of cost assistance you can gain is based on the second lowest cost of the Silver Plan in your state’s marketplace

Who is NOT Eligible for Subsidies?

  • People reporting over 400% of the FPL will not be eligible for cost assistance
  • Those who have access to affordable, employer-based health insurance
  • People eligible for Medicare
  • Those who fall into the Medicaid gap

NOTE:  People who are making under 138% of the FPL are eligible for Medicaid.

When can I Apply for Subsidies?

Open enrollment is the PERFECT time to apply for subsidies and cost assistance.  If you don’t apply during open enrollment, you will need to wait until the following year’s open enrollment period or if you experience a life qualifying event.

Exploring Deductibles…

Obamacare Guy Tuesday 10 6 15 CANVAWhat is a deductible?

This is the amount of money you need to pay out-of-pocket for covered services before you insurance begins to pay.

This amount does NOT include:

  • Insurance Premiums
  • Costs that are NOT covered by your plan
  • Deductibles re-set every policy period

What happens after I meet my deductible?

Once you meet your deductible, your health insurance plan will pay it’s portion of your coinsurance.

Now that we know the basics of deductibles, discover how Obamacare has impacted them.

Here are some FAST FACTS pertaining to IN-NETWORK deductibles:

  • Obamacare mandates that major medical plans must meet specific cost sharing deductibles
  • Deductibles cannot be hight than out-of-pocket limits
  • Individual out-of-pocket limits are $6,600 (2015 figure)
  • Family out-of-pocket limits are $13,200 (2015 figure)

Deductibles – The More You Know…

Here are some quick tips you should be aware of when thinking about deductibles.

  • Deductibles start when your policy begins
  • Policy periods usually run from January 1st and ends December 31.  To ensure that you are taking full advantage of your policy period, make sure you are enrolled in a plan by December 15.
  • If you switch your plan mid-year, you may lose any deductibles already utilized
  • If switching plans during the year, try to use the same carrier to see if deductibles can be rolled over
  • Low deductible plans usually have higher premiums
  • High deductible plans tend to have lower premiums
  • Premiums do not count towards your deductible
  • Co-insurance usually does not start until deductibles are met
  • Co-pays usually go toward deductibles and out-of-pocket maximums

Obamacare Guy 9 30 15 CanvaThere is A LOT to consider during open enrollment and it can be confusing.  The best thing you can do for you and your family is to get sound advice from a professional.  As Your Obamacare Guy, it is my mission to help you get covered with the best plan and help you get the subsidies you need.

Call me today for help navigating your options when it comes to health insurance:  (813) 391-3448 or email me:  Dave@YourObamacareguy.com

Glossary of Terms:

Co-Pay/Co-payment:
A fixed amount (for example, $15) you pay for a covered health care service, usually when you get the service. The amount can vary by the type of covered health care service.

Coinsurance:
Your share of the costs of a covered health care service, calculated as a percentage (for example, 20%) of the allowed amount for the service. You pay coinsurance after you’ve met your deductible. For example, if the health insurance plan’s allowed amount for an office visit is $100 and you’ve met your deductible, your 20% coinsurance payment would be $20. The health insurance plan pays the rest.

Cost Sharing:
The share of costs covered by your insurance that you pay out of your own pocket. This term generally includes deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments, or similar charges, but it doesn’t include premiums, balance billing amounts for non-network providers, or the cost of non-covered services. Cost sharing in Medicaid and CHIP also includes premiums.

Deductible:
The amount you owe for covered health care services before your health insurance plan begins to pay. For example, if your deductible is $1,000, your plan won’t pay anything until you’ve paid $1,000 for covered services. Some plans pay for certain health care services before you’ve met your deductible.

FPL:
A measure of income level issued annually by the Department of Health and Human Services. Federal poverty levels are used to determine your eligibility for certain programs and benefits.

(The amounts below are 2015 numbers and used for calculating eligibility for Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). 2014 numbers are used to calculate eligibility for savings on private insurance plans for 2015.

•$11,770 for individuals
•$15,930 for a family of 2
•$20,090 for a family of 3
•$24,250 for a family of 4
•$28,410 for a family of 5
•$32,570 for a family of 6
•$36,730 for a family of 7
•$40,890 for a family of 8

MAGI:
The figure used to determine eligibility for lower costs in the Marketplace and for Medicaid and CHIP. Generally, modified adjusted gross income is your adjusted gross income plus any tax-exempt Social Security, interest, or foreign income you have.

Premium:
The amount that must be paid for your health insurance or plan. You and/or your employer usually pay it monthly, quarterly or yearly.

Subsidy:
Health coverage that’s obtained through financial assistance from programs to help people with low and middle incomes.

Glossary of terms were provided by:  HealthCare.gov